Hearing loss or hearing impairment is one of the most general illnesses in the world. Every 3 of 1000 babies was born with a degree of hearing loss. People mostly don’t notice about their hearing loss in youth. After 40s, illness starts to develop daily problems and people notice it. They are lots of symptoms may indicate hearing loss. Living troubles on understanding what people say in standard sound is the most known symptom. Also listening TV on higher than normal volume continuously and depression based hearing loss are the main symptoms of hearing impartibility. How many types of hearing loss are there?
There are three main types of hearing loss. They are sensor neural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss and mixed hearing loss. Hearing loss takes degree by the effect and volume of illness.
Conductive hearing loss is a type of illness that can be cured by drugs. Sometimes it needs surgery. Main cause of conductive hearing loss is fluid in the middle ear. Also some allergies cause this type of hearing loss. Also there are some problematic illnesses causing conductive hearing loss. Some of them are ear infection, infection in the ear canal, outer ear shape problems. Also there’s an illness known as “swimmer’s ear” causing conductive hearing loss. Today it’s possible to cure “swimmer’s ear” with ear drops. Some benign tumors are also causing conductive hearing loss.
Sensorineural hearing loss is another type of hearing loss also known as SNHL or Sensor neural hearing loss. This type of hearing loss occurs after inner ear damage or inner ear nerve damage. It’s mostly permanent because sensorineural hearing loss’ is very hard to be cured by medicals or surgery. Sensorineural hearing loss mostly occurs after illnesses. Also it’s known that some drugs are making toxic effect and creating sensorineural hearing loss. There are some researches about hereditary or genetic causes of illness. It’s known that most of sensorineural hearing loss patients have genetic history. Main genetic problem causing illness is inner ear malformation. Some deep head traumas may cause sensorineural hearing loss and also rarely but aging may cause it.
Mixed hearing loss is the type of hearing loss that conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss is in combination. Mixed hearing loss occurs mostly when outer and inner earhave problems together. Mixed hearing loss also occurs when auditory nerve is deeply damaged. Mixed hearing loss is very hard to cure by medical or surgery ways.
Diagnosis of hearing loss problems needs some tests. Today the main problem causing hearing loss is noise. Listening music everyday loudly causes to lose hear ability day by day. Also depression is one of main causes today for hearing loss problems. There are lots of researches why depression is causing hearing impairment and it’s known that depression in every age may cause hearing loss. Inserting objects into ear for cleaning or itching is very dangerous. Smoking also causes hearing loss. Vertigo, Ménière’s disease and labyrinthitis illnesses are causes of illness.
Hearing aids today is the most popular way to solve hearing problems. They can make sounds louder and easier to hear. Also there are cochlear implants for patients who can’t benefit from hearing aids. It’s also important to live with hearing loss. Because hearing loss treatment is a long and hard way. Main problem hearing loss patients living is listening with loud. It’s a problem for living in a society. Also patients can use closed-caption services while watching TV. Patients must see speaker’s face and mouth while listening. It’s very important to understand without hearing all sounds.